States were divided into  Counties

Counties were divided into Townships

Townships were divided into Sections

Each section had a schoolhouse

Pleasant Township had nine schools

Ewart had one school house with

two rooms


Could you have passed the 8th

grade in 1895?

Remember when grandparents and great-grandparents stated that they

only had an 8th grade education?  Perhaps less. Many had to quit school

and work to support their family during the pioneering days.

Could any of us have passed the 8th grade in 1895?

This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 in Salina, Kansas, USA. It was taken from the

 original document on file at the Smokey Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina, KS,

 and reprinted by the Salina Journal.

8th Grade Final Exam:

 Salina, KS-1895

Grammar (Time, one hour)

1. Give nine rules for the use of capital letters.

2. Name the parts of speech and define those that have no modifications.

3. Define verse, stanza and paragraph.

4. What are the principal parts of a verb? Give principal parts of "lie," "play,"' and "run."

5. Define case; Illustrate each case.

6. What is punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of punctuation.

7 - 10. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you understand      

                                                the practical use of the rules of grammar.


Arithmetic (Time: 1.25 hours)   


1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.

2. A wagon box is 2 ft. deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide.   How many bushels of wheat will it hold?
3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at 50¢/bushel, deducting 1050 lbs. for tare?
4. District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary levy

   to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals?
5. Find the cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton.

6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.
7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $20 per metre?
Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.
9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance of which is 640 rods?

10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.


Orthography (Time, one hour) 



1. What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic, orthography, etymology, syllabication

2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?

3. What are the following, and give examples of each: Trigraph, sub vocals, diphthong,

    cognate letters, lingual's.

4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u.' (HUH?)

5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e.' Name two exceptions under each rule.

6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each.

7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word:

bi, dis, mis, pre, semi,post,non, inter, mono, sup.

8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and name the sign that indicates the sound:

    card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last.

9. Use the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.

10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication.

   Geography (Time, one hour)

1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?

2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?

3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?

4. Describe the mountains of North America

5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa,

Denver, Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena,  Juan Fernandez,  Aspinwall and Orinoco.

6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S.

7. Name all the republics of Europe and give the capital of each.

8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude?

9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers.

10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give the inclination of the earth.

Notice that the exam took FIVE HOURS to complete. Gives the saying "he only had an 8th grade education" a whole new meaning, doesn't it?! Also, it shows you how poor our current education system has become.


School Bus

 in the Early Days but not used at Ewart

Students at Ewart were able to ride horses or ponies to school. There was a small shed, a stable, to house the animal during session.

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